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粉末涂料市场常用名词中英文翻译(二)

信息来源:paintkey.com  时间:2010-07-10  浏览次数:185

  Filler 填料
  Extender, bulking agent or inert pigment.
  填料、填充剂或体质颜料。
  Film Build成(厚)膜
  The coating thickness.
  涂层厚度。
  Film Integrity 涂膜完整性
  Degree of continuity of a paint film.
  涂膜连续的程度。
  Film Thickness 涂膜厚度
  Depth of cured coatings, usually in microns or thousands of an inch.
  固化涂层的深度,常用微米或千分之一英寸表示。
  Film Thickness Gauge 涂膜测厚仪
  Instrument for measuring film thickness.
  测量涂层厚度的仪器。
  Film Weight膜重
  The weight of powder applied. Also often used as a deScription of film thickness.
  粉末喷涂的重量,也用于描述涂层厚度。
  Filter 滤芯
  A filament designed to remove small particles from the air supply.
  用于通过空气移除小粉末粒子的纤维。
  Fines 超细粉
  Small powder particles, Usually under 10 microns.
  细小的粉末粒子,一般指10微米以下。
  Fish Eyes 鱼眼
  A large surface depression in a coating film often caused by contamination such as oil or silicone oil.
  涂层因为受到油或硅油污染而出现较大表面下沉。
  Flammable 易燃
  Easy to ignite, capable of burning with ease.
  容易点燃,容易燃烧。
  Flexibility 弯曲性能
  Ability of a film to be bent without damage or cracking after application to a substrate.
  喷涂在基材上的涂层弯曲后不出现损伤或裂纹的能力。
  Flip - Flop 随角异色性
  A characteristic of metallic coatings to change colour when viewed at different angles.
  一个金属涂膜随着角度不同颜色变化的特性。
  Flow Measurement of self-levelling 自流平的流动测量
  characteristic of a coating allowing it to level into a smooth film of uniform thickness during the cure process.
  一个涂膜在固化过程中流动变成均匀厚度的光滑涂膜的特性。
  Flow Additive 流动助剂
  [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][>>]下一页相关阅读:
  2010年湖北省粉末涂料概况
  粉末涂料行业发展需加强技术投入
  我国粉末涂料企业将如何应对现实市场?
  金融危机对粉末涂料用环氧树脂的影响
  纯聚酯粉末涂料在汽车车轮涂装中的应用
  Substance added to a formulation to minimise defects and produce a uniform film.
  添加在配方中的降低缺陷和形成均匀涂膜的物质。
  Fluidised 流化
  A term that describes powder that is in a state of suspension using compressed air, creating a fluid mixture of air powder.
  一个描述用压缩空气把粉末成悬浮状态,形成气粉流动混合物的词汇。
  Fluidised Bed 流化床
  A container in which powder is suspended in a continuous stream of air.
  一个由连续的空气流把粉末悬浮起来的容器。
  Fusion 熔化
  The melting and flow of individual powder particles under the influence of heat to form a continuous film.
  由单个的粉末粒子在受热的情况下熔化和流动形成连续的涂膜的过程。
  Fusion Point 熔点
  The temperature at which the powder is melted to form a liquid film.
  粉末熔化变成液体涂膜时的温度。
  Galvanised Steel 镀锌钢
  Steel coated with a layer of zinc. Usually processed by dipping the steel into a hot bed of zinc.
  涂装有一层锌层的钢板,一般是在热镀锌槽中浸镀。
  Gassing 气孔
  Air or gas that escapes from a sub surface beneath a coating and causes blisters, eruptions or bubbles in the coating.
  空气或气体从涂层表面下溢出导致涂层出现气孔、火山口、汽泡。
  Gel Time 胶化时间
  Interval of time required at a given temperature for a powder coating to be transformed from dry solid to a gel like state. Measured in seconds.
  粉末在一定的温度下由粉末转化成胶凝状态的时间,一般用秒表示。
  Gloss 光泽
  The degree of reflection of light from the cured film.
  固化涂膜反射光线的程度。
  Gloss Retention 保光率
  The ability of a coating to retain its original gloss.
  涂层保持原始光泽的能力。
  Gravity Hopper 重力喂料斗
  A powder container, typically cone shaped design to force powder by gravity to feed a gun or transfer system.
  一个粉末容器,典型的锥形设计为了使粉末以重力的方式进入喷枪或输送系统。
  上一页[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][>>]下一页相关阅读:
  2010年湖北省粉末涂料概况
  粉末涂料行业发展需加强技术投入
  我国粉末涂料企业将如何应对现实市场?
  金融危机对粉末涂料用环氧树脂的影响
  纯聚酯粉末涂料在汽车车轮涂装中的应用
  Grinder 研磨机
  Device used to crush or pulverise plastic or solid coating to powder form.
  压碎、研磨塑料或固体涂料成粉末形式的设备。
  Hardener 硬化剂
  Curing agent for thermosetting powder coatings.
  热固性粉末涂料固化剂。
  Hardness硬度
  The ability to withstand indentation and damage.
  经得起划伤的能力。
  Hiding Power遮盖力
  The extent to which a powder coating masks the colour and pattern of the surface it is applied to at a given film thickness.
  一定厚度的粉末涂料涂层遮盖住颜色和图案的程度。
  High Voltage Cable 高压电缆
  A specially designed cable that carries high voltage from generator to gun.
  专门设计的从发生器到喷枪输送高压的电缆。
  High Voltage Generator高压发生器
  An electrical power transformer that converts 220 - 250 volts AC current to high voltage DC.一个把220~250伏交流电转化成高压直流电的变压器。
  Hose 软管
  Flexible tube used to convey either powder from hopper to gun or compressed air to gun.
  把粉末从粉桶输送到喷枪或把压缩空气输送到喷枪的柔性管子。
  Humidity湿度
  A measure of the amount of moisture in the air.
  空气中湿气含量的量度。
  Hybrid 混合型
  An epoxy polyester powder coating product.
  环氧聚酯型粉末涂料产品。
  Immiscible 不能混合的
  Incapable of being blended.
  不能混合的。
  Impact Fusion 冲击熔化
  The tendency of finely divided powder to combine with other particles in the application equipment creating a hard crust.
  在涂装设备上细微粉末粒子之间结合到一起产生硬的外壳。
  Incompatibility 不相容
  Inability to mix two powders without getting a different surface appearance, such as gloss reduction or craters.
  两种粉末不能混合,混合后会出现不同的表面,如光泽的降低或缩孔。
  上一页[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][>>]下一页相关阅读:
  2010年湖北省粉末涂料概况
  粉末涂料行业发展需加强技术投入
  我国粉末涂料企业将如何应对现实市场?
  金融危机对粉末涂料用环氧树脂的影响
  纯聚酯粉末涂料在汽车车轮涂装中的应用
  Infrared (IR)红外线
  Light Energy used in short wave or medium wave forms to initiate cure in a powder coating.
  用于固化粉末涂料的短波或中波的光能。
  Infrared Cure 红外固化
  A method of curing powder using direct exposure to light energy.
  直接暴露在光能下而固化粉末涂料的一种方法。
  Inhibitor Pigments 防腐蚀颜料
  Pigments that retard to the corrosion process in the substrate.
  能够延缓基材腐蚀的一种颜料。
  Inorganic 无机的
  A substance that is not formed by natural growth.
  不是通过自然生长形成的物质。
  Insoluble 不溶物
  A substance that will not dissolve in water or solvent.
  一种在水或溶剂中不能溶解的物质。
  Integral charging 积分充电
  A powder gun that has a low voltage single supply to it, and steps up the current to high voltage via a cascade multiplier located in the gun barrel.
  对粉末供应一个较低的电压,然后通过放置在喷枪中的叠加增效器逐步增加电流到一个高的电压。
  Intercoat Adhesion 内涂附着力
  The ability of a powder coating to adhere to a previously applied film.
  粉末涂料对预先涂装涂膜的附着能力。
  Iron Phosphating Conversion Coating 铁系磷化膜
  Chemical deposition on steel for promoting corrosion protection and improving adhesion.
  在钢板上的一种化学沉积物,对钢板能够起到腐蚀保护和改进附着的效果。
  Isocyanate Resin Urethane Resins 异氰酸酯树脂聚氨酯树脂
  Isocyanate curing agents which when heated or reacted with hydroxy functional polymers giving urethane coatings.
  异氰酸酯固化剂在加热的情况下与羟基聚合物反应形成聚氨酯涂料。
  Kibble (See also Chip)粗破碎
  The result of braking extruded powder coating after cooling.
  对挤出的粉末涂料冷却后碾压的结果。
  Kibbler 破碎机
  The machine that makes kibble (chip) from solid and cooled extruded powder coating.
  上一页[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][>>]下一页相关阅读:
  2010年湖北省粉末涂料概况
  粉末涂料行业发展需加强技术投入
  我国粉末涂料企业将如何应对现实市场?
  金融危机对粉末涂料用环氧树脂的影响
  纯聚酯粉末涂料在汽车车轮涂装中的应用
  对固体的和冷却的挤出粉末涂料粗破碎的机械。
  Levelling 流平
  Ability of a film to flow out to a smooth uniform thickness.
  涂层流动并形成光滑均一厚度的能力。
  Low Film Build 薄涂
  Thin coating of powder.
  薄涂粉末涂料。
  Mandrel Bend Test 芯轴弯曲试验
  Physical bending test for evaluating flexibility of a coating.
  评估涂料柔韧性的物理弯曲试验。
  Masking 遮蔽
  Covered area of a part to prevent coverage by powder during application.
  在喷涂之前,对防止粉末覆盖的工件的这部分的掩蔽。
  Masking Tape 遮蔽胶带
  An adhesive tape made for easy application and removal to mask areas where coating is not to be applied.
  在涂装时对不需涂装的部分适用的胶带,非常容易使用和移除。
  Material Utilisation 材料利用
  The percentage of powder that actually is deposited on the parts.
  粉末实际沉积在工件上的百分数。
  Maximum Loading Density 最大装填密度
  The maximum number of parts that can be loaded onto a conveyor to ensure maximum powder utilisation.
  能够确保粉末最大利用时的装载在输送机(链条)上的工件的最大的数量。
  Melt Mixing 熔融混合
  A predominant process for the manufacture of powder coatings involving continuous compounding of pigment, resin, fillers, additives and hardeners, mixing at elevated temperature.
  粉末涂料生产的一个非常重要的过程,在一定的温度下可以连续的把颜料、树脂、填料、助剂和固化剂进行混合。
  Melting Point 软化点
  The temperature at which a finely divided powder will begin to melt and flow.
  在粉末微细粒子开始融化和流动时的温度。
  Membrane 膜
  A fine (usually porous) substance separating adjacent parts equipment.
  一种精细的材料(通常是多孔渗水的),用于分离接近的材料的装置。
  Metamerism 同色异谱
  A visual characteristic that describes a coating that appears different in colour when viewed under different lights.
  上一页[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][>>]下一页相关阅读:
  2010年湖北省粉末涂料概况
  粉末涂料行业发展需加强技术投入
  我国粉末涂料企业将如何应对现实市场?
  金融危机对粉末涂料用环氧树脂的影响
  纯聚酯粉末涂料在汽车车轮涂装中的应用
  用于描述涂层的一种视觉特性,在不同的光线下涂层会出现不同的颜色。
  Micron 微米
  One millionth of a meter. Used to express applied film thickness.
  一个百万分之一米。用于表述涂层的厚度。
  Mil密耳
  One thousandth of an inch. 25 micron equivalent used mainly in the USA.
  千分之一英寸,主要在美国使用,等同于25微米。
  Mild Steel 低碳钢
  Structural Steel or plate malleable iron based alloy. SEA 1020 with a carbon content of up to 2.5%.
  可锻造的铁合金的构件或板材,SEA 1020 含碳量达到2.5%。
  Mileage 出活量
  A term used to describe the area covered by a given amount of powder, usually measured in “square meters per kilo” or “pounds per square foot”.
  一个描述给出单位粉末量的覆盖面积的术语,常用每公斤多少平米或每平方英寸多少磅表示。
  Mill Scale Oxide 铁鳞氧化
  layer formed on the steel by hot rolling process.
  由热滚工艺形成的在钢板上的一层。
  Miscible 易混合的
  Capable of mixing or blending.
  可以混合的。
  Misses 漏涂
  Voids in the cured coating.
  在固化涂层中的空隙。
  Molecule 分子
  The smallest particle of a substance that can exist and still retain the properties of that substance. Molecules consist of two or more atoms.
  能够存在和保持物质性能的最小粒子,分子包括两个或更多原子。
  Monomer 单体
  A molecule that can be chemically bound as a unit of polymer.
  聚合物中组合在一起的分子单元。
  MSDS
  Material Safety Data Sheet
  材料安全数据单
  Non-ferrous 不含铁的
  A material containing no iron. 材料中没有铁离子。
  Non-flammable 不易燃
  Will not burn.
  不会燃烧。
  Non-volatile Solid 非挥发性固体
  Will not evaporate
  不会蒸发的。
  Nylon Thermoplastic Powders 尼龙热塑性粉末
  上一页[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][>>]下一页相关阅读:
  2010年湖北省粉末涂料概况
  粉末涂料行业发展需加强技术投入
  我国粉末涂料企业将如何应对现实市场?
  金融危机对粉末涂料用环氧树脂的影响
  纯聚酯粉末涂料在汽车车轮涂装中的应用
  coating that contains long chain polymers consisting of recurring amine groups (CONH). These coatings are tough, abrasive resistant and exhibit good chemical resistance.
  含有酰胺基团(CONH)长链聚合物的涂料,这种涂料非常坚韧、耐磨并显示出非常好的化学耐性。
  OEM 原始设备制造商
  Original Equipment Manufacturer
  Off-colour 色差
  Not matching the colour standard to which the coating is being compared.
  涂层颜色与颜色标准比较不一致。
  Ohm 欧姆
  A unit of electrical resistance.
  电阻的单位
  Opacity 不透明性
  Ability to hide the substrate at a given film thickness.
  一定厚度遮盖住基材的能力。
  Orange Peel 桔皮
  A wavy irregularity in the surface of a coating film created by the flow characteristics. Orange peel appears as an uneven or rough surface to the eye, but usually feels smooth to the touch.
  因为流动的特性在涂层的表面产生的不规则的波纹,肉眼看上去桔纹是一种不平坦的和粗糙的表面,但触摸上去是光滑的。
  Organic 有机物
  Substance containing carbon components.
  含有碳成分的物质。
  Oscillator 振荡器
  Device for moving automatic guns in a vertical plane to provide uniform and increased powder coverage.
  为了获得均一和较厚的涂层,使自动喷枪在垂直面移动的装置
  Oven 烘炉
  Chamber or enclosed area for the purpose of curing by heat or energy the coating.
  用于加热或能量使涂层固化目的的房间或有限区域。
  Overbake 烘烤过度
  Applying more heat or energy than is required to fully cure the powder coating. Overbaking can result in discolouration, loss of gloss or deterioration on mechanical properties.
  使用了比粉末涂料完全固化更多的价热和能量,过度烘烤容易使涂层变色、失光和机械性能变差。
  Overcoat 顶涂
  Applying a second coating of powder.
  应用的第二层粉末涂料。
  上一页[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][>>]下一页相关阅读:
  2010年湖北省粉末涂料概况
  粉末涂料行业发展需加强技术投入
  我国粉末涂料企业将如何应对现实市场?
  金融危机对粉末涂料用环氧树脂的影响
  纯聚酯粉末涂料在汽车车轮涂装中的应用
  Overspray 过喷
  Material that does not deposit on the component and goes to the recovery system
  粉末不再沉积在工件上而直接进入回收系统。
  Particle 颗粒
  Smallest possible part. 粉末的最小组成部分。
  Particle Size 粒子尺寸
  The average diameter / size of particles supplied as a powder coating, following the grinding process. 研磨的粉末涂料的粒子的平均粒径。
  Pass 前行
  The motion of a spray gun in one direction only. 喷枪只在一个直的方向上移动。
  Passivation 钝化
  Conversion of a metal surface to a less reactive state. A process to reduce corrosion rate of metal surfaces.
  一种可以降低金属表面活性的转化膜,能够降低金属表面腐蚀几率的工艺。
  pH Value PH值
  Measurement of acidity or alkalinity. pH 7 is neutral, Values greater than 7 are alkali less than 7 acid.
  酸或碱的测量,PH 7为中性,比7大为碱性,比7小为酸性。
  Phosphate 磷化
  To form a thin film of inert phosphate on the metal surface. Process to reduce the rate of corrosion.
  在金属表面形成的惰性的磷酸盐薄膜。该工艺可以降低金属被腐蚀的几率。
  Pigment 颜料
  Particles in a powder coating formulation that provides the colour, corrosion resistance and other properties.
  在粉末涂料配方中提供颜色、抗腐蚀和其它性能的一类材料。
  Pinholes 针孔
  Formation of small holes through to the substrate. The appearance of fine pimply defects in a cured film.
  在涂膜中抵达涂层的小的孔洞,在固化的涂膜中表现为细小的肿泡缺陷的外观。
  Pinpoint Diffuser
  Powder gun tip, which yields a concentrated pattern.
  Plastic 塑料
  One of many high polymeric substances, including both natural and synthetic rubber. At some stage in its manufacture or refinement every plastic is capable of flowing under heat and pressure to form its final shape.
  上一页[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][>>]下一页相关阅读:
  2010年湖北省粉末涂料概况
  粉末涂料行业发展需加强技术投入
  我国粉末涂料企业将如何应对现实市场?
  金融危机对粉末涂料用环氧树脂的影响
  纯聚酯粉末涂料在汽车车轮涂装中的应用
  众多的高聚材料之一,包括天然和合成橡胶。通过加热或加压来制造或注塑成最终的产品形态。
  Plastisol 增塑溶胶
  Film former containing resin and plasticiser with no solvents that forms a tough resistant thermoplastic coating.
  一种含有树脂和无溶剂增塑剂的涂膜而形成的高韧性热塑性涂料。
  Polyester 聚酯
  A resin or powder containing the grouping R-COOC-R. The powder having excellent resistance to UV light.
  含有R-COOC-R单元的树脂或粉末。该粉末有优秀的紫外光耐性。
  Polyethylene 聚乙烯
  Resin with the formulation CH2CH2 used in thick film thermoplastic powder coatings.
  树脂由CH2CH2组成,该树脂可生产厚涂的热塑性粉末涂料。
  Polymers 聚合物
  Poly = many: mer = units, Polymers are very large molecules built up by the combination of many smaller molecules, often having many thousand molecules.
  Poly=聚合mer=单体,聚合物是由小分子聚合而成大分子,常常由数千个分子组成。
  Polymerisation 聚合
  Chemical reaction in which smaller molecules combine to form a high molecular weight polymer.
  通过化学反应把小分子联合成大分子量的聚合物。
  Polypropylene 聚丙烯
  One of many polyolefin thermoplastics. Usually in exterior quality thermoplastic powder coating.
  众多的热塑性聚烯烃之一,常用于户外的热塑性粉末涂料。
  PVC 聚氯乙烯
  Polyvinyl Chloride. Synthetic resin used in both liquid and thermoplastic powder systems.
  聚氯乙烯,用于液体或粉末涂料的一种合成树脂。
  Porosity 孔隙率
  Degree of integrity or continuity. A porous material will allow liquid or air to pass through.
  完整或连续的程度,一种多孔的材料能够使空气和液体通过。
  Post Cure 后固化
  Heating of an Object after application of the powder coating.
  在涂装粉末涂料后加热工件。
  Post Heat 后加热
  Heating of an Object after application of the powder coating.
  上一页[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][>>]下一页相关阅读:
  2010年湖北省粉末涂料概况
  粉末涂料行业发展需加强技术投入
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  在涂装粉末涂料后加热工件。
  Pourability 流动性
  The ability of a dry powder to flow uniformly or to be continuously poured from container at a steady flow.
  干粉末均匀流动或连续地以稳定的流动注入一个容器的能力。
  Powder Booth 喷粉室
  An enclosure used for containment of powder coatings during the spray application.
  在粉末涂料喷涂时,用于防止粉末外溢的箱室。
  Powder Particle粉末粒子
  The smallest single piece that results after grinding powder chip.
  在研磨后最小的单个粒子。
  Powder Segregation 粉末分离
  Stratification. Separation of powder particles (due to size) during the spray operation and recovery system. Due mainly to the forces of gravity, speed and electrostatic deposition. Resulting effect can be changes in gloss or changes in the degree of “orange Peel”.
  分离,在喷涂操作和回收系统中粉末粒子的分离,由重力,速度和静电沉积等因素造成,最终的结果会使粉末涂层光泽下降和一定程度的桔皮。
  Preheat 预热
  Heating the component before the application of the powder coating.
  在粉末涂料喷涂之前加热工件。
  Pressure 压强
  Force per unit area relative to atmospheric pressure. Usually expressed in psi (pounds per square inch).
  每单位面积的空气压力。一般单位为psi(磅每平方英寸)。
  Pressure drop 压力降
  Loss in pressure usually due to length or diameter of piping or hose. Can be caused by blocked filters.
  由于管道的长度和直径变化而形成的压力损失,可能blocked filters导致。
  Pressure Gauge 压力计
  A gauge to determine the delivered pressure of a gas or fluid.
  测量气体或液体压力的装置。
  Pre-treatment 预处理
  The preparation of a part (component / substrate) prior to the coating to improve adhesion and corrosion resistance.
  上一页[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][>>]下一页相关阅读:
  2010年湖北省粉末涂料概况
  粉末涂料行业发展需加强技术投入
  我国粉末涂料企业将如何应对现实市场?
  金融危机对粉末涂料用环氧树脂的影响
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  在涂装之间,用于增加附着力和耐腐蚀性能的工件的准备。
  Primer 底漆
  A type of coating applied to the substrate surface to improve adhesion of a subsequent topcoat. To improve corrosion resistance, hiding power, surface smoothness.
  一种用于涂装基材表面改进顶涂附着力的涂层,改进耐腐蚀性能,遮盖力,表面平整度。
  Profile Depth 锚纹深度
  Average distance between the top and bottom of valleys on a surface.
  表面的波峰底到波峰顶的平均距离。
  PSD粒度分布
  Particle Size Distribution. The range of particle sizes in the manufactured powder coating.
  粉末涂料生产时的粒子尺寸范围。
  Purging 清洗生产线
  Cleaning one colour or powder formulation from all areas that come in contact with the powder coating before introducing a new powder.
  一个颜色或粉末配方不同,在生产新粉末之前的全部区域的清洗
  Radiation Cure 辐射固化
  Curing a coating by means of exposure to electromagnetic waves or particles such as infrared or ultra violet, or electron beam.
  在电磁波或粒子如红外、紫外、电子束下涂料的固化。
  Ratio 比率
  Relationship in quantity or size between 2 things.
  两类事物质量或尺寸的关联关系。
  Reciprocator 往复机构
  Device used to move automatic guns in a vertical plane. A reversing or reciprocating drive system provides motion.
  喷枪在垂直面自动移动的装置,一个回动的或往复式的提供移动的装置。
  Reclaim 回收
  The process used to recycle non-deposited powder through the gun for reuse (after mixing and sieving).
  通过喷枪循环使用(筛分和混合后)没有沉积的粉末的过程。
  Reclaim Powder 回收粉
  Powder that has been oversprayed and collected for reuse.
  过喷的被收集重复使用的粉末。
  Recoat 重涂
  The process of refinishing parts that have a surface defect from the first coat. Application of a second coat after correction of the defect in the first coating.
  上一页[<<][11][12][13]下一页相关阅读:
  2010年湖北省粉末涂料概况
  粉末涂料行业发展需加强技术投入
  我国粉末涂料企业将如何应对现实市场?
  金融危机对粉末涂料用环氧树脂的影响
  纯聚酯粉末涂料在汽车车轮涂装中的应用

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